Thyroid gland is one of the important endocrine gland in human body. Thyroid gland is responsible for secreting thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) hormones. These hormones control metabolism, growth, development & body temperature. Thyroid gland is butterfly shaped & situated in the neck region, just front of the trachea ((Wind pipe).
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which an overactive thyroid gland is producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones that circulate in the blood. Thyroid gland removes iodine from blood With the Use of T4 (Thyroxine) & T3 (triiodothyronine) hormone. The release of T4 & T3 hormone regulated by TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) which is released from Pituitary gland. The release of TSH hormone is signaled by TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone) which is released from hypothalamus gland. So, if over activity of any of these three glands occurs, an excessive amount of thyroid hormones can be produced, thereby resulting in hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is the condition when thyroid gland is underactive & does not produce some important thyroid hormones. T4 (Thyroxine) & T3 (triiodothyronine) are two most important hormones which are secreted from Thyroid gland & responsible to manage body’s metabolism, body temperature & heart rate. The activity of the Thyroid gland secretion are regulated by TSH (Thyroid stimulating Hormone) which is released from pituitary gland. So high TSH and low thyroxine (T4) indicate that the thyroid is underactive. It means that the pituitary gland is secreting more TSH to stimulate the thyroid gland to replenish the deficiency.
The following factors are responsible for Hypothyroidism:
Treatment procedure may include the following
Patient should always consult with physician for proper treatment. Usually the treatment includes the following:
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