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Diagnostic tests to check Diabetes

About Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body cannot produce or effectively use insulin. Generally speaking, diabetes is a disorder involving the metabolism of a person. The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs.

What are the risk factors involved in Diabetes?

Several risk factors can be mentioned even though the exact reasons for the occurrence of this disease still remains a mystery. They are:

  • Obesity
  • Poor Diet
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Advancing Age
  • Family History of Diabetes
  • Ethnicity
  • High blood glucose during pregnancy affecting the unborn child

 What are the Complications of Diabetes?

Diabetes is a multi-faceted disease that can affect several vital parts of our body and can lead to the following complications:

  • Cardiovascular or heart related complications including Angina (chest pain), Heart attack and Stroke
  • Nervous system related complications including damage of blood vessels that nourishes the nerve cells and onset of tingling sensations in hands and feet
  • Excessive kidney damage leading to complete failure
  • Diabetes can cause severe damage to your eyes and can permanently damage the retina
  • Diabetes decreases blood supply to foot and can cause sever foot and leg ulcers
  • You are more susceptible to fungal and bacterial skin infections once you have diabetes
  • Diabetes increases the chance of catching Alzheimer's disease
  • Gestational Diabetes can lead to some serious complications including excessive body growth, low blood sugar and chances of development of Diabetes in later parts of life

How to prevent Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes is the one where the beta cells in the pancreas stop producing enough insulin needed by the body, the reason why it is to be managed by insulin replacement through lifelong insulin injections. At the same time, it is to be noted that only insulin is not enough to keep Type 1 Diabetes in control. The basic underlying factor is to keep the glucose level in the blood as close to normal as possible. One needs to maintain a combination of few things to do the same and they go like:

  • Daily medication  (Insulin) Therapy
  • Close monitoring of the glucose level in the blood
  • Maintaining a healthy diet by eating right
  • Regular physical exercise

What are the preventions for Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes is the one where the beta cells in the pancreas stop producing enough insulin needed by the body, the reason why it is to be managed by insulin replacement through lifelong insulin injections. One needs to maintain a combination of few things to do the same and they go like:

Follow a healthy balanced diet on a daily basis:

Many factors affect how well diabetes is controlled. A dietician can help to create a food plan that is tailored to a person’s medical needs, lifestyle, and personal preferences. Check your meal timings, maintain a diet & keep a tab on the weight. Reduce alcohol intake, carbohydrate intake consistency.

Exercise:

Exercise is very important in controlling your type 2 diabetes. It reduces stress, improves body’s use of insulin, burns extra fat hence helping in weight control, improves muscle strength & bone density, lowers blood pressure, improves blood circulation keeping at bay heart diseases and stroke

Proper knowledge, regular check-up:

Know everything possible about diabetes - its symptoms, preventive cures, see the doctor regularly, take insulin on time if required and stay active.

 

What are the preventive steps to be taken for Gestational Diabetes?

Women with gestational diabetes or diabetes in pregnancy need to monitor and control their blood glucose levels to minimize risks to the baby which can be done by taking up a healthy diet and moderate exercise but in some cases, insulin or oral medication can be needed as well.

Know More About Diabetes

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Health Articles About Diabetes View All

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Dietitian Sohini Sen Sarma Talks About Dietary Management For Diabetes

Dietitian Sohini Sen Sarma Talks About Dietary Management For Diabetes

Dietitian Sohini Sen Sarma shares the role of diet in the management of diabetes which exerts a direct influence on the blood glucose levels.

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Diabetes & Us: It Flows In The Family? Eminent Diabetologist Dr Amit Dey For You

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Renowned Diabetologist Dr Amit Dey tells us whether Diabetes is hereditary or not.

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The temperatures are dropping and you are loving the chill, but if you are a diabetic then here’s a heads up for you! Here are some tips to promote diabetes wellness during the cold season.

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Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy arises as a consequence of long-term Diabetes. It is mainly characterised by the damages to the normal filtering abilities of the kidneys.

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Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body cannot produce or effectively use insulin. Generally speaking, diabetes is a disorder involving the metabolism of a person.

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Dietitian Shampa Banerjee Clarifies Food Myths Related To Diabetes

Dietitian Shampa Banerjee Clarifies Food Myths Related To Diabetes

Dietitian Shampa Banerjee talks about some foods which are often restricted for diabetics but may actually be useful to them.

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Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy

A severe type of nerve damage arising from a high and uncontrolled blood glucose level in most of the diabetes patients is known as Diabetic Neuropathy.

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Diabetes Diagnosis And Its Remedy

People with diabetes don't realise that they have the disease since the diabetes symptoms are relatively mild and unnoticeable in the beginning. Know how you can identify them and the remedies.

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Dietitian Eshani Bhaumik Barui On Dietary Supplements For Diabetics

Dietitian Eshani Bhaumik Barui On Dietary Supplements For Diabetics

Dietitian Eshani Bhaumik Barui on the role of dietary supplements for diabetics

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Best Exercise for Diabetes

Best Exercise for Diabetes

Follow some easy methods that will not only make you physically active and enduring enough but will also keep the blood sugar at bay.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

The emergence of various eye-related complications as a side effect of Diabetes is known as Diabetic Retinopathy.

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Prevent Diabetes with Lifestyle Changes

Making a few lifestyle changes can dramatically lower the chances of developing diabetes. Try out these ways to reduce the risk of developing diabetes.

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Save Your Skin from Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that can affect your vital organs including your heart, kidney and eyes. And if the list was not enough, it can also affect your skin badly.

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Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare condition, which may be inherited or acquired & occurs when the kidneys are unable to concentrate urine.

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World Diabetes Day is held on November 14 each year. It's the primary global awareness campaign focusing on diabetes mellitus.

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Diabetologist Dr Amit Dey tells how Diabetes is diagnosed & what are the preventions.

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Diabetes Worries? Follow the Simple Food Guide

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Here is a well-structured food guide for diabetics that would not only keep blood sugar in check, but would protect the important organs from damage.

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Eminent Diabetologist Dr Amit Dey tells about which organs are affected by Diabetes, the preventive steps and insulin.

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The Myths & Facts On Diabetes Diet By Diabetologist Dr Amit Kumar Dey

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14th Nov is World Diabetes Day, a global awareness campaign focusing on diabetes mellitus. On this occasion, Dr Amit Kumar Dey sorts out the facts regarding Diabetes from the myths associated with it.

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Processed Foods That You Can Eat Being a Diabetic

Processed Foods That You Can Eat Being a Diabetic

A diabetic has to eat in moderation or cross out certain foods from his list of favourites. Here are some processed foods that dieticians agree are okay for people with diabetes.

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Common Questions About Diabetes

Common Questions About Diabetes

You might have a lot of beliefs about diabetes but facts can often be more enlightening than fiction. So here’s the answer to the common questions you have about this condition.

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Ayurveda for Balancing Blood Sugar

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Ayurvedic herbs are effective in addressing blood sugar imbalances and critical diabetes and metabolic health issues.

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Looking Deeper Into The Details Of Diabetes: Diabetologist Dr Amit Dey  For You

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Dietitian Shampa Banerjee points out how incorporating certain habits of a child can help in weight loss.

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Here are some points to keep in mind before using an insulin injection.

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Raisins are one of the most delectable and popular dry fruits available to us. It is usually recommended as an excellent food option for people of all ages.

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World Vegan Day is observed on 1st November. This event commemorates the benefits of veganism for humans, animals and the natural environment.

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Gestational Diabetes

The term Gestational Diabetes commonly refers to the high blood sugar or glucose level during pregnancy. Making it simpler, Diabetes+ Pregnancy = Gestational Diabetes.

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A simple cut from your razor or a blister from your shoes may not be as simple as it may seem, especially you are a diabetic. It’s better to know the precautions.

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5 Healthy Snacks for Type 2 Diabetes

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Snacks can actually help you stick with your diabetic meal plan as long as you choose wisely. Here are 5 healthy and tasty snack options that you can munch on without worrying about your blood sugar.

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After books, a pet is a man’s best friend! If you are a diabetic, then you can gain various health benefits from having a companion animal. Here is how pets offer a special diabetes support.

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Oral Care For Diabetics

Diabetes affects your body’s capability to process sugar. Coming to oral care, diabetes puts you at risk for dental problems. Here's how you can protect yourself.

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Manage Type 2 Diabetes With Home Remedies

Manage Type 2 Diabetes With Home Remedies

Having Type 2 Diabetes doesn’t mean that you have to be dependent on medicines throughout your life. Other than lifestyle and diet changes you can give some natural remedies a shot!

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Monsoon tends to compromise with our immunity and diabetic patients must follow a list of preventive measures during the rainy season.

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Feeling tired most of the time can signal anything from physical illness to mental depression. If the fatigue is not due to any medical cause, here are some ways to get rid of it.

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Gingivitis mainly affects the gum area around the base of your teeth which is called the Gingiva. In simpler terms, Gingivitis is the swelling of the Gingiva. It’s also characterised by gum bleeding

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Brown rice isn't subjected to intense processing like white rice so it’s more nutritious and wholesome. Here are the health benefits that you will reap when you add it to your daily diet.

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Bad breath, a dry and parched mouth, blisters and trouble in swallowing are unpleasant signs! Know what's the solution to these oral problems.

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Eminent Cardiologist Dr Soumya Patra talks about the ways by which a heart attack can be avoided.

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The power grain barley is loaded with essential minerals and nutrients. Include it in your diet or prepare a healthy drink, barley water to reap the health benefits it offers.

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