Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body cannot produce or effectively use insulin. Generally speaking, diabetes is a disorder involving the metabolism of a person. The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs.
What are the risk factors involved in Diabetes?
Several risk factors can be mentioned even though the exact reasons for the occurrence of this disease still remains a mystery. They are:
What are the Complications of Diabetes?
Diabetes is a multi-faceted disease that can affect several vital parts of our body and can lead to the following complications:
How to prevent Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is the one where the beta cells in the pancreas stop producing enough insulin needed by the body, the reason why it is to be managed by insulin replacement through lifelong insulin injections. At the same time, it is to be noted that only insulin is not enough to keep Type 1 Diabetes in control. The basic underlying factor is to keep the glucose level in the blood as close to normal as possible. One needs to maintain a combination of few things to do the same and they go like:
What are the preventions for Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is the one where the beta cells in the pancreas stop producing enough insulin needed by the body, the reason why it is to be managed by insulin replacement through lifelong insulin injections. One needs to maintain a combination of few things to do the same and they go like:
Follow a healthy balanced diet on a daily basis:
Many factors affect how well diabetes is controlled. A dietician can help to create a food plan that is tailored to a person’s medical needs, lifestyle, and personal preferences. Check your meal timings, maintain a diet & keep a tab on the weight. Reduce alcohol intake, carbohydrate intake consistency.
Exercise is very important in controlling your type 2 diabetes. It reduces stress, improves body’s use of insulin, burns extra fat hence helping in weight control, improves muscle strength & bone density, lowers blood pressure, improves blood circulation keeping at bay heart diseases and stroke
Proper knowledge, regular check-up:
Know everything possible about diabetes - its symptoms, preventive cures, see the doctor regularly, take insulin on time if required and stay active.
What are the preventive steps to be taken for Gestational Diabetes?
Women with gestational diabetes or diabetes in pregnancy need to monitor and control their blood glucose levels to minimize risks to the baby which can be done by taking up a healthy diet and moderate exercise but in some cases, insulin or oral medication can be needed as well.
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