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About Arthritis

Osteo Arthritis

Osteo arthritis is the most common form of arthritis and occurs mainly by the wearing off and tearing of the protective cartilages present in our bone joints. Osteoarthritis destroys the protective cartilage present within our bone joints and this results in extreme joint pain and stiffness in joints. Osteo arthritis is also known as degenerative disease as it gradually degrades the cartilages present within our joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, that cause inflammation & affects the joints. It is also known as RA. Joint damage usually occurs on both sides of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis happens when body’s immune system malfunction & affects the healthy tissues & lining of the joints by resulting inflammation, pain & swelling in joints. Rheumatoid arthritis may affect other organ also eyes, lungs, heart or skin.

What are the risk factor of Osteo Arthritis?

There are various risk factors of Osteo arthritis and the most prominent ones are discussed below:

  • A family history of Osteo arthritis makes your more prone towards getting affected
  • Growing old puts you in great danger of catching Osteo arthritis. However, children can also get affected by Osteo arthritis due to birth related bone and joint abnormalities, but the disease prevalence increases with age and Osteo arthritis mostly affects adults   
  • Women are at more risk of getting affected by Osteo arthritis than men
  • A history of joint injuries increases the chance of getting affected by Osteo arthritis
  • Obesity is one of the most prominent risk factors of Osteo arthritis as excess body weight puts extra pressure on joints and can damage the cartilages quickly
  • Onset of any type of microbial infection including dental infections can increase the risk of Osteo arthritis
  • Certain professions (teaching, dancing, construction related works, musical and athletic professions) that causes excessive strain on muscle joints increases the risk of Osteo arthritis
  • Excessive stress and anxiety can worsen the symptoms of Osteo arthritis

Risk Factors of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

  • Age: Adults above sixties are highest onset of disease.
  • Sex: RA are typically two-to-three times higher in women than men
  • Genetics/inherited traits: HLA (human leukocyte antigen) class II genotypes
  • Smoking: Higher risk for smokers
  • History of live births: Women never given births at higher risk.
  • Early Life Exposures: studies shows children whose mothers have smoking habits are higher risk.
  • Obesity: Obesity can increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

 

Complication of Osteo Arthritis:

Osteo arthritis not only affects the joints but also have some major complications on the other parts of our body as well. The major complications of Osteo arthritis are listed as follows:

1.Joint related complications: The major complications of Osteo arthritis in the joints are:

  • Osteo arthritis can affect our heart and can cause several cardiovascular related complications including high blood pressure and heart failure. Joint damages in Osteoarthritis can cause severe inflammatory reactions and this can damage the blood vessels and cause serious harm to the cardiovascular system
  • Osteo arthritis can damage our teeth by affecting the temporomandibular joint in the jaws

2.Other complications: Osteo arthritis does not only affects the joints but can also cause some other major complications including the following:

  • Osteo arthritis can affect our heart and can cause several cardiovascular related complications including high blood pressure and heart failure. Joint damages in Osteo arthritis can cause severe inflammatory reactions and this can damage the blood vessels and cause serious harm to the cardiovascular system
  • Osteoarthritis can damage our teeth by affecting the temporomandibular joint in the jaws

Complications of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome: Pain, numbness, tingling sensation in arm & hand
  • Anemia: Blood don’t have the enough red blood cells
  • Scleritis: Inflammatory affects in the outer coating of the eye
  • Infections
  • Digestive tract problems
  • Osteoporosis: Weak & Brittle bone condition
  • Lung disease
  • Heart problems
  • Sjögren’s syndrome: Immune system disorder with dry eye & mouth
  • Lymphoma : Lymphatic Cancer
  • Macrophage activation syndrome: Life threatening condition of Rheumatic disease

 

Treatment of Osteo Arthritis:

The treatment of Osteo arthritis usually involves three main components and they are discussed as follows:

  1.  Medicinal treatment: It is strongly recommended to consult with the physician before starting any medicinal therapy. Usually  Analgesics, Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs , Counter irritants Corticosteroid Injection, Hyaluronic acid injections are considered by the medical professionals to manage osteoarthritis in different stages of the treatment. Don’t take any medication without the guideline from the physician end.
  2. Physical Therapy: Besides medication therapy, physical therapies can help to manage the symptoms of Osteo arthritis. Physical exercises, Physiotherapy, Acupuncture and Osteopathy can often be extremely helpful to reduce the pain and stiffness.
  3. Surgical Therapy: If medicines and physical therapy does not helps to reduce the pain and the patient still continues to suffer, then the surgical procedures must be adopted. Rearrangement of bones, Joint Fusion, Joint repair and Joint replacement surgery are common in Osteoarthritis patients and these surgical procedures can reduce pain and improve the patient’s motion to a great extent.

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis is not a curable disease. Treatment approaches can reduce inflammation, pain & slowing down the damage of the joints.

Medication Therapy:  It is strongly recommended to consult with the healthcare provider beforestarting any medication therapy.In recent days NSAID,Steroids, Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), Biologic agents are suggested by the Healthcare providers to manage the disease condition.

*** Don’t take any medication without the guideline from the physician end. ***

Occupational & Physical Therapy: Some occupational & physical therapy are used for supportive treatment.

Surgical Procedure:Surgical procedures may include Total joint replacement, Tendon repair & Joint fusion.

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