Lipid Profile

What is Lipid Profile or Lipid Panel Test?

Lipids are usually a group of fats that are present as an essential component of the cells and they act as a source of energy.

The Lipid Profile Test is done to monitor the risk of cardiac diseases by measuring the levels of lipids present in the blood.

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What are the normal ranges for Lipid Profile or Lipid Panel Test?

The Lipid Profile Test has several components. The normal ranges for each component are as follows:

  • HDL (High Density Lipoprotein): over 45 mg/dL
  • LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein): Less than 100mg/dL
  • Total cholesterol: Less than 200 mg/dL
  • Triglyceride: Less than 150 mg/dL
  • VLDL (Very Low-Density Lipoprotein): 2 to 30 mg/dL.

 

What does the deviation from the normal ranges indicate?

Component: HDL

Lower values: Increased risk of coronary diseases, Increased risk of heart attack

 

Component: LDL  

Higher values: Increased risk of atherosclerosis, Increased risk of heart disease

Lower values: Inherited lipoprotein deficiency, Hyperthyroidism, Infection, Inflammation, Cirrhosis

 

Component: Cholesterol

Higher values: Increased risk of atherosclerosis, Increased risk of heart disease

Lower values: Depression, Anxiety

 

Component: Triglycerides

Higher values: Cirrhosis, Diabetes, Hyperlipidemia, Hypothyroidism, Kidney disease, Pancreatitis

Lower values: Hyperthyroidism, Malnutrition

 

Component: VLDL

Higher values: Increased risk of atherosclerosis, Increased risk of heart disease

 

Is there any preparation required for this test?

12 hrs fasting is mandatory.


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