Complete Haemogram

CBC is a diagnostic measure to detect the increase and decrease in blood cell count to look for any abnormalities in the body. CBC is done to monitor and evaluate the overall health of any individual. It is mainly done as a diagnostic measure to look for any medical conditions as well as any blood-related disorders.

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What are the different components of Complete Blood Count?

Components of CBC: RBC, WBC & Platelet

RBC

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)
Mean Corpuscular Volume(MCV)
Hematocrit(Hct)
Haemoglobin (Hb or Hbg)
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW)
Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
WBC

Neutrophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Platelet

Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
Platelet Distribution Width (PDW)

What are the normal ranges for Complete Blood Count?

Blood component: RBC

Total Count: Female: 3.90-5.03 million cells/mcL & Male: 4.32-5.72 million cells/mcL

MCH (pg/cell): 27 to 31

MCV: 80 to 95

MCHC (gm/dL): 32 to 36

RDW (%): 11.5 to 14.5

Hb (gm/dL): Male: 13.5-17.5 & Female: 12-15.5

Hct (%): Male: 41-50 & Female: 36-44

Blood component: WBC

Total Count: Female: 3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL & Male: 3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL

MCH (pg/cell): Neutrophils: 2.0–7.0×10 9/l (40–80%)

MCV: Lymphocytes: 1.0–3.0×10 9/l (20–40%)

MCHC (gm/dL): Monocytes: 0.2–1.0×10 9/l (2–10%)

RDW (%): Eosinophils: 0.02–0.5×10 9/l (1–6%)

Hb (gm/dL): Basophils: 0.02-0.1x10 9/l (<1-2%)

Blood component: Platelet

Total Count: Female: 150-450 billion/L & Male: 150-450 billion/L

MPV(fL): 9.7 to 12.8

PDW (%): 56.6

 

What do the deviations from the normal ranges indicate?

Blood component: RBC

Deviation from the normal range

Higher:

Dehydration
Kidney problems
Lung infections
Diarrhoea
Cardiovascular problems
Lower:

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Blood Loss
Bone marrow dysfunction
Chronic Kidney diseases
Leukaemia
Malnutrition
Long-term infections like Hepatitis
Anaemia
Blood component: WBC

Deviation from the normal range:

Higher:

Infections in body
Blood Cancer
Inflammatory diseases
Adverse reaction to medicines
Lower:

Autoimmune diseases
Bone marrow dysfunction
Liver Dysfunction
Cancer
Blood component: Haemoglobin

Deviation from the normal range:

Higher:

COPD
Bone marrow dysfunction
Cardiac dysfunction
Kidney Cancer
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Lower:

Aplastic and Iron Deficiency Anemia
Cancer
Cirrhosis
Hypothyroidism
Hodgkin’s disease
Gastritis
UTI
Thalassemia
Blood component: Platelet

Deviation from the normal range:

Higher:

Allergy
Kidney failure
Cancer
Iron deficiency anaemia
Infections in body
Pancreatitis
Lower:

Bone marrow dysfunction
Anaemia
Vitamin deficiency
Viral infections
Cirrhosis
Leukaemia
Dengue fever
Blood component: Hematocrit

Deviation from the normal range:

Higher:

Dehydration
Congenital heart dysfunction
Erythrocytosis
A kidney tumour
Lower:

Bone marrow disease
Inflammatory disease
Malnutrition
Hemolytic anaemia
Leukaemia
Kidney failure

Is there any preparation required for this test?

No special preparation is required.


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